The Temple of Literature is Vietnam's first national university. Built in 1070 under Emperor Lý Thánh Tông, this picturesque Hanoi City attraction was first erected as a Confucius temple. The entire temple covers an area of over 54,000 square meters and includes five different courtyards, several statues of Confucius, and a pond known as the "Well of Heavenly Clarity." Today, the temple is one of Vietnam's most-prized landmarks and is a bona fide example of traditional Vietnamese architecture. The temple also appears on the back of the 100,000 đồng banknote.